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Nonetheless, Austen herself did break this particular social rule. Discussing primary texts, such as dance manuals, and analyzing the social implications of dance are useful ways to bring this most bodily of amusements into the classroom. Inviting students to participate in a country dance can also be an effective tool for experiential learning that helps them connect to the historical moment. In the Appendix below, I have included some basic country dance figures that can work in a classroom setting or in a convenient courtyard or empty hallway. As I take the students through the basic steps of the dance, I encourage them to focus on the social interactions and opportunities provided in the moment.
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I remind them that the ballroom was an optimal site for gossip and flirtation and that they should take advantage of the surrounding company. Some students pick up quickly, assuming characters and becoming leaders within the group, while others have trouble distinguishing right from left and create considerable chaos; by the end of the session, however, we can usually perform the dance quite smoothly.
The entire process of teaching the dance takes about thirty minutes, and I leave some time for conversation at the end of the class. After we sit down, I ask the students to reflect on their experiences and how it felt to learn and perform the dance. Most students appreciate the activity, and many are impressed by the multitasking required of nineteenth-century dancers who had to simultaneously remember the steps, maintain ballroom etiquette, and promote their social agendas.
Student response to the activities and discussions around the dance varies.
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Some students appreciate the novelty and focus on the pedagogical approach, expressing their appreciation for the opportunity to be physically active within the classroom. Having discussed dance and the spectacle of bodies in the ballroom earlier in the semester, students quickly picked up on the physicality of the characters in Wuthering Heights and the violence done to and by bodies. In doing so, they made explicit connections to our earlier discussions of dance in which we considered the various ways authors could make physical bodies present within the text.
It is perhaps an oddly twisted road that leads from the Assembly Rooms of Bath to the moors of Yorkshire, but it is one that my students uncovered for themselves by studying dance. One of the pleasures of reading, re-reading, and teaching Jane Austen is the myriad new topics and ideas that emerge with each textual encounter. Nineteenth-century social dance is one of many historical contexts that is both relevant for students and, more important, provides them with a physical, material means of access to the texts.
Dancing with Jane Austen is an example of experiential, embodied learning that can bring students closer to Austen and her contemporary readers, who would have brought their own knowledge of social dance to bear on the novels. Appendix 2. The dance begins and ends with a bow to your partner. Gentlemen extend the right leg and bow from the waist. Ladies extend the right leg and bend both knees, keeping the back straight but dropping the gaze.
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Couples form small circles of four by joining with the couple next to them one couple is number 1, the other couple is number 2. This will be their sub-group as they move through the dance. The four dancers join hands and circle to the left for 16 counts, ending where they began. Each couple 1 every other couple down the line comes together, joins both hands, circles to the left for 8 counts, and returns to where they started. Each couple 2 then does the same movement. The remaining dancers then repeat the same turn the gentleman from couple 2 turns with the lady from couple 1.
All four dancers join right hands in the center of their group and circle around for 16 counts.
Repeat with left hands. The couple at the top end of the room those of highest social standing face one another, join both hands, and skip or slide down the middle of the two dance lines, ending at the bottom. All other dancers step closer to the top of the room and prepare to repeat the dance with new numbers couple 1 has become couple 2 and vice versa down the line and new sub-groups of 4 this can be a bit confusing so we usually pause to re-number the couples and re-set the groups.
The dance ends when each couple has had the chance to lead down the middle and the original top couple is back where they started.
CFP: Some Dance to Remember; Some Dance to Forget: Dance and Memory in the Nineteenth Century
Aldrich, Elizabeth. Evanston: Northwestern UP, Austen, Jane. The Novels of Jane Austen. Oxford: OUP, Deirdre Le Faye. New York: Oxford UP, Austen-Leigh, James Edward. A Memoir of Jane Austen. Blasis, Carlo. The Art of Dancing. New York: Dover, Buckland, Theresa Jill. Society Dancing: Fashionable Bodies in England New York: Palgrave, Carter, Alexandra. Burlington: Ashgate, Durang, Charles. Philadelphia: Fisher, Easton, Celia A. Engelhardt, Molly. Athens: Ohio UP, Fullerton, Susannah.
London: Lincoln, Grove, Lilly. London: Longmans, Houston, Gail Turley. Lee-Riffe, Nancy. Manners and Tone of Good Society. London: Warne, ca.
Mixing in Society. London: Routledge, Playford, John. The English Dancing Master. New York: Dance Books, Radestock, Rudolph. Nicole Diederich is a professor of English and chair of the English Department at The University of Findlay, where she teaches courses in nineteenth-century British literature, composition, and writing center pedagogy.
Her research interests include the representation of women in nineteenth- and twentieth-century literature as well as writing center pedagogy and practice.
anscordislay.tk She has published articles on writing center issues, D. Engelhardt is currently working on a project that studies flower semiotics and secret language systems within female communities. Cheryl Blake Price is a Ph. Her dissertation explores the figure of the poisoner in Victorian literature and culture. She has an article forthcoming in Victorian Review and will be travelling to the UK on a research fellowship this spring. Rachel A.
Related Dancing out of line: ballrooms, ballets, and mobility in victorian fiction and culture
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